历史风云网

 找回密码
 注册

QQ登录

只需一步,快速开始

新浪微博登陆

只需一步, 快速开始

快捷登录

查看: 977|回复: 1
收起左侧

斯大林模式的得与失

[复制链接]

主题

帖子

0

积分

小吏

     :

     :

     :

Rank: 1

发表于 2008-8-9 20:46:42 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

马上注册,结交更多好友,享用更多功能,让你轻松玩转社区。

您需要 登录 才可以下载或查看,没有帐号?注册 新浪微博登陆

x
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 18pt; TEXT-ALIGN: center; mso-line-height-rule: exactly" align=center><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 22pt; FONT-FAMILY: 华文新魏">《斯大林模式的得与失》设计方案<SPAN lang=EN-US>  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 18pt; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">【设计时段】<SPAN lang=EN-US style="mso-bidi-font-size: 10.5pt">1<SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.5pt">课时<SPAN lang=EN-US style="mso-bidi-font-size: 10.5pt">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 18pt; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt">   

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 18pt; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">【教学内容】<SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.5pt">历史,第七单元第<SPAN lang=EN-US style="mso-bidi-font-size: 10.5pt">2<SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.5pt">课《斯大林模式的得与失》,高一,必修<SPAN lang=EN-US style="mso-bidi-font-size: 10.5pt">2<SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.5pt">,人民教育出版社<SPAN lang=EN-US style="mso-bidi-font-size: 10.5pt">2005<SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.5pt">年<SPAN lang=EN-US style="mso-bidi-font-size: 10.5pt">5<SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.5pt">月第<SPAN lang=EN-US style="mso-bidi-font-size: 10.5pt">2<SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.5pt">版。<SPAN lang=EN-US style="mso-bidi-font-size: 10.5pt">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 18pt; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt">   

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 18pt; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">【设计思想】<SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 18pt; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt"><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes">    <SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.5pt">将“斯大林模式”作为一个整体进行教学设计,分为斯大林模式形成的历史背景、斯大林模式形成的历史过程、斯大林模式形成的历史作用、斯大林模式形成的历史地位四个角度进行教学,重点分析斯大林模式形成的历史背景和历史评价(包括历史用作与地位)。采取学生自学、小组合作学习和教师问题式教学结合的方式。<SPAN lang=EN-US style="mso-bidi-font-size: 10.5pt">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 18pt; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt">   

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 18pt; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">【教学内容分析】<SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold"><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes">    <SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold">课程标准对课本的要求是“<SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.5pt">列举‘斯大林模式’的主要表现,认识其在实践中的经验教训”。<SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 仿宋_GB2312">由此本课的教学重点与难点确定为:<SPAN lang=EN-US>  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-FAMILY: 仿宋_GB2312">1<SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 仿宋_GB2312">、重点:<SPAN lang=EN-US>20世纪二三十年代苏联社会主义建设的重大成就<SPAN lang=EN-US>  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-FAMILY: 仿宋_GB2312">2<SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 仿宋_GB2312">、难点:对斯大林模式的评价<SPAN lang=EN-US>  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 18pt; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt">   

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 18pt; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">【教学目标分析】<SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-FAMILY: 华文中宋">1<SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 华文中宋">、知识与能力<SPAN lang=EN-US>  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-FAMILY: 仿宋_GB2312"><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes">    <SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 仿宋_GB2312">识记“一五计划”、农业集体化和斯大林模式三个基本概念;理解苏联优先发展重工业的原因、农业集体化的弊端、斯大林模式的形成原因和评价;认识优先发展重工业的模式对中国的影响;斯大林模式与社会主义发展模式的关系。<SPAN lang=EN-US>  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-FAMILY: 华文中宋">2<SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 华文中宋">、过程与方法<SPAN lang=EN-US>  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-FAMILY: 仿宋_GB2312"><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes">    <SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 仿宋_GB2312">知道学生阅读教材内外的资料,从多角度地认识、解释历史事物,进一步提高学生阅读历史资料,获取有效信息的能力;通过苏联<SPAN lang=EN-US>20世纪二三十年代建设成就的学习,培养学生归纳整理知识的能力;通过对斯大林模式的探讨,提高学生的思辨能力和表达能力;通过分组讨论,培养学生合作学习的能力。<SPAN lang=EN-US>  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-FAMILY: 华文中宋">3<SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 华文中宋">、情感态度价值观<SPAN lang=EN-US>  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-FAMILY: 仿宋_GB2312"><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes">    <SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 仿宋_GB2312">通过对苏联建设成就的学习,让学生认识社会主义制度的优越性;结合所学的中国现代史的相关知识,比较苏联和中国社会主义建设的经验教训。<SPAN lang=EN-US>  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 18pt; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt">   

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 18pt; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">【教学准备】<SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 18pt; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.5pt">进行教学设计,设置相关问题,制作多媒体课件,学生课前分组。<SPAN lang=EN-US style="mso-bidi-font-size: 10.5pt">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 18pt; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt">   

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 18pt; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">【教学过程设计】<SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">【导入新课】<SPAN lang=EN-US style="mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(展示有关十月革命、苏联国旗、国徽的图片,播放苏联国歌<SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312"><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes">  <SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">师:请问 name=OLE_LINK1>这组图片分别代表了俄国历史上的哪些重大事件?[/url]<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK1">

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">师:俄国十月革命和苏联的成立。

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">师: name=OLE_LINK4>这些重大事件与哪一位重要的历史人物有关?[/url]<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK4">

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">生:列宁,俄国布尔什维克党的领导人。

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 10.5pt; TEXT-INDENT: -10.5pt; mso-char-indent-count: -1.0"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">师: name=OLE_LINK5>俄国十月革命成功后,俄国走上发展社会主义的道路。但是,社会主义没有现成的模式可以借鉴。因此,列宁和斯大林等人在不同时期进行了探索和创新,其中既有成功的经验,也有失败的教训。其中,列宁曾进行过战时共产主义政策和新经济政策的尝试,但这些是向社会主义过渡的两种不同的尝试。当斯大林继承列宁执掌苏共领导权和苏联政权之后,他又将带领苏联人民走上一条怎样的发展道路?今天,我们就一起来学习第[/url]<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK5"><SPAN lang=EN-US>2<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK5"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">课“‘斯大林模式’的得与失”。

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(展示板书:第<SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">2<SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">课<SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312"><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes">  <SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">“斯大林”模式的得与失<SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312"><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes">  <SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)<SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN lang=EN-US>   

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">【内容组织】<SPAN lang=EN-US style="mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 10.5pt; TEXT-INDENT: -10.5pt; mso-char-indent-count: -1.0"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">师:请问你们知道什么是“模式”吗?

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 10.5pt; TEXT-INDENT: -10.5pt; mso-char-indent-count: -1.0"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">生:(自由回答,一二人即可)

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 10.5pt; TEXT-INDENT: -10.5pt; mso-char-indent-count: -1.0"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">师: name=OLE_LINK6>“模式”(英文:[/url]<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK6"><SPAN lang=EN-US>Mode<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK6"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)一词的本意是指“事物的标准样式”。当“模式”这个词被用于形容一定社会的社会生活组织形式时,它所具有的含义应该是指一定政府代表统治阶级组织社会的经济、政治、文化生活时所提倡的理念、所组建的体制和所采取的政策、方针等。

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 10.5pt; TEXT-INDENT: -10.5pt; mso-char-indent-count: -1.0"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">师:那么,同学们又是如何理解“斯大林”模式的呢?

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 10.5pt; TEXT-INDENT: -10.5pt; mso-char-indent-count: -1.0"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">生:(自由回答,一二人即可)

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 10.5pt; TEXT-INDENT: -10.5pt; mso-char-indent-count: -1.0"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">师:如果要给“斯大林”模式下个定义的话,可以这样理解: name=OLE_LINK8>斯大林模式是指[/url]<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK8"><SPAN lang=EN-US>20<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK8"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">世纪二三十年代,苏联在斯大林的领导下建设社会主义过程中形成的高度集中的经济、政治体制及其运行机制,其主要特点是高度集中,即政治集权、经济集中、思想集控,曾经发挥过重要作用,但也存在致命不足。<SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">而本课的任务就是将带领同学们去了解为什么<SPAN lang=EN-US>20<SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">世纪二三十年代的苏联会形成“斯大林模式”?我们应该如何评价这一模式?

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 10.5pt; TEXT-INDENT: -10.5pt; mso-char-indent-count: -1.0"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">师:首先,给同学们几分钟时间, name=OLE_LINK10>[/url] name=OLE_LINK9><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK10">请大家依据我所提示的本课知识结构,快速浏览教材[/url],并标出相应的知识点。从而对本课讲述的主要内容有一个初步的了解。

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(展示板书: name=OLE_LINK11>一、优先发展重工业的方针[/url]<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK11"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 73.5pt; mso-char-indent-count: 7.0"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK11"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">1<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK11"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、背景:⑴苏联建立;⑵列宁逝世,苏联的经济政策逐渐发生变化<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK11"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 73.5pt; mso-char-indent-count: 7.0"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK11"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">2<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK11"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、过程<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK11"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 84pt; mso-char-indent-count: 8.0"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK11"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">⑴方针提出:<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK11"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">1925<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK11"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK11"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">12<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK11"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">月,苏联提出“社会主义工业化”的方针,优先发展重工业<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK11"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 84pt; mso-char-indent-count: 8.0"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK11"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">⑵三个五年计划:①一五计划:由一个农业国变成一个工业-农业国<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK11"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 168pt; mso-char-indent-count: 16.0"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK11"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">②二五计划:已经成为一个世界工业强国<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK11"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 168pt; mso-char-indent-count: 16.0"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK11"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">③三五计划:因卫国战争爆发中断<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK11"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 84pt; mso-char-indent-count: 8.0"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK11"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">⑶结果:高度集中的计划经济体制确立<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK11"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312"><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes">          <SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312"><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes">           

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 63pt; mso-char-indent-count: 6.0"> name=OLE_LINK12><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">二、农业集体化运动[/url]<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK12"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 73.5pt; mso-char-indent-count: 7.0"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK12"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">1<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK12"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、背景:①工业发展的需要;②粮食供应的困难;③斯大林的决策<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK12"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 73.5pt; mso-char-indent-count: 7.0"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK12"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">2<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK12"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、农业集体化运动的开展和失误<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK12"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 73.5pt; mso-char-indent-count: 7.0"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK12"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">3<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK12"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、农业集体化的实现<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK12"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312"><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes">  <SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312"><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes">    

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 63pt; mso-char-indent-count: 6.0"> name=OLE_LINK14>[/url] name=OLE_LINK13><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">三、斯大林模式[/url]<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 73.5pt; mso-char-indent-count: 7.0"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">1<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、形成标志:<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">1936<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年苏联新宪法的颁布<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 73.5pt; mso-char-indent-count: 7.0"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">2<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、形成原因:⑴外部受到资本主义国家的包围和战争封锁<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 5cm; mso-char-indent-count: 13.5"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">⑵国内受到相对落后的经济文化与历史传统制约的情况<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 5cm; mso-char-indent-count: 13.5"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">⑶斯大林的个人因素<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 73.5pt; mso-char-indent-count: 7.0"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">3<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、功绩:⑴国家工业化迅速实现,成为工业强国<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 120.75pt; mso-char-indent-count: 11.5"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">⑵为法西斯战争的胜利奠定了物质基础<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 120.75pt; mso-char-indent-count: 11.5"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">⑶国民文化素质得到了提高<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 73.5pt; mso-char-indent-count: 7.0"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">4<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、弊端:⑴政治方面:高度专权、对感悟缺乏必要的监督、个人崇拜盛行<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 120.75pt; mso-char-indent-count: 11.5"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">⑵经济方面:①优先发展重工业的方针,造成国民经济比例严重失调<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 183.75pt; mso-char-indent-count: 17.5"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">②高度集中的计划经济体制造成经济效益低下<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 183.75pt; mso-char-indent-count: 17.5"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">③牺牲农民利益,造成苏联农业生产的长期停滞不前<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 120.75pt; TEXT-INDENT: -47.25pt; mso-char-indent-count: -4.5; mso-para-margin-left: 7.0gd"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">5<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、评价:⑴斯大林模式是苏联再进行社会主义建设中的探索和创新;<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 120.75pt; mso-para-margin-left: 11.5gd"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">⑵它在初期和战争时期曾发挥过积极作用;<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 120.75pt; mso-para-margin-left: 11.5gd"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">⑶它不是社会主义的唯一模式<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK13"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK14"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312"><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes">  <SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312"><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes">        <SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)<SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">生:(在屏幕知识结构的提示下,快速浏览教材)

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 10.5pt; TEXT-INDENT: -10.5pt; mso-char-indent-count: -1.0"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">师:接下来,我们将会稍稍打乱一下教材的顺序,分别从历史背景、历史过程、历史作用和历史地位等历史角度<SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(展示板书:四个角度)<SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">来探讨一下有关“斯大林模式”的理解。

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 10.5pt; TEXT-INDENT: -10.5pt; mso-char-indent-count: -1.0"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">师:首先,请同学们思考这样一个问题: name=OLE_LINK15><SPAN lang=EN-US>20[/url]<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK15"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">世纪<SPAN lang=EN-US>20<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK15"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年代中期的苏联是一个怎样的国家?苏联面临着怎样的形势?<SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">下面,就请同学们分成若干小组,可以从国际形势、政治形势、经济形势等方面中自行选择一个角度进行归纳。(基本上四人一小组,选题自定,回答到位者可以加分,作为平时成绩参考之一)

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 10.5pt; TEXT-INDENT: -10.5pt; mso-char-indent-count: -1.0"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">生:(分组讨论归纳)

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(逐次展示板书:<SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">⑴国际形势: name=OLE_LINK16>虽然赢得三年战争的胜利,但仍处于资本主义国家的包围和战争威胁之中[/url]<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK16"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">⑵政治形势: name=OLE_LINK18>[/url] name=OLE_LINK17><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK18"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">1922[/url]<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK17"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK18"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年苏联成立;列宁逝世后,斯大林上台,通过政治斗争逐渐巩固了自己的领导地位<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK18"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK17"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">⑶经济形势: name=OLE_LINK20>[/url] name=OLE_LINK19><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK20">新经济政策的实施,苏联经济迅速恢复,但总体而言其生产力水平仍相对落后,[/url]<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK19"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK20"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">20<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK19"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK20"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年代末工业产值仍只占国民经济生产总值的<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK19"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK20"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">45<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK19"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK20"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">%。<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK20"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK19"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312"><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes">  <SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">师: name=OLE_LINK21>在这样的形势下,如果你作为当时的斯大林,你会如何选择苏联向社会主义过渡?[/url]<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK21">

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">生:(自由回答,若能回答出“优先发展经济、发展国防建设”最好,随时点拨引导,一二人即可)

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">师:各位同学的设想都有一定可行性。但如果我在给出一些当时苏联的国内形势,你又将如何抉择?

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(展示板书:<SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 31.5pt; TEXT-INDENT: -31.5pt; mso-char-indent-count: -3.0"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">⑷历史传统与社会环境: name=OLE_LINK23>[/url] name=OLE_LINK22><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK23">沙皇俄国长期以来是一个农奴制国家,[/url]<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK22"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK23"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">1861<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK22"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK23"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年亚历山大二世改革后虽然走上走向资本主义道路,但仍存在大量的农奴制残余;从经济上讲是一个小农经济占主导地位的、落后的农业国;从政治上讲,长期处于沙皇专制统治之下,专制主义的意识形态根深蒂固,而且有着强烈的扩张欲望。<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK23"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK22"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">⑸思想环境: name=OLE_LINK24>斯大林多次在国家问题上强调,“阶级的消灭,不是通过阶级斗争消灭的道路,而是经过阶级斗争加强的道路达到的”,“只有最大限度的加强国家政权,才成车次铲除垂死的阶级的残余”。[/url]<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK24"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">⑹斯大林的个人性格特点:<SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21pt; TEXT-INDENT: -10.5pt; mso-char-indent-count: -1.0; mso-para-margin-left: 1.0gd"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">① name=OLE_LINK25>列宁在其遗嘱中有关斯大林的叙述:“……斯大林同志当了总书记,掌握了无限的权力,但他能不能谨慎地使用这一权力,我没有把握。……斯大林同志太粗暴,这个缺点在我们中间,在我们共产党人的来往中是可以容忍的。但是在总书记的职位上是不可容忍的了。”[/url]<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK25"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21pt; TEXT-INDENT: -10.5pt; mso-char-indent-count: -1.0; mso-para-margin-left: 1.0gd"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">② name=OLE_LINK26>“在十月革命前的革命生涯中,斯大林曾八次被捕,其中六次从流放地逃脱,又回到原地继续革命。……应当说,斯大林令人信服地展现了他非凡的意志力。……斯大林的思想,对人的主观能动性比较看重,对客观规律则尊重不够;对该做什么比较强调,对能做什么不够重视,这恐怕是造成斯大林理论思想中主观主义过多的原由之一。”[/url]<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK26"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312"><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes">  <SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312"><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes">  <SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">——引自《斯大林与社会主义》卢之超、王正泉主编<SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 21pt 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: -10.5pt; mso-char-indent-count: -1.0; mso-para-margin-left: 1.0gd; mso-para-margin-top: 0cm; mso-para-margin-right: 21.0pt; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">③ name=OLE_LINK60>[/url] name=OLE_LINK59><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK60">在亿万人民的心目中斯大林成为神话般的人间上帝,大家开始战战兢兢地念叨他的名字,他们相信:只有他一个人能够拯救苏维埃国家,使之不受侵略和解体。——麦德维杰夫《让历史来审判》[/url]<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK60"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK59"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 21pt 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: -10.5pt; mso-char-indent-count: -1.0; mso-para-margin-left: 1.0gd; mso-para-margin-top: 0cm; mso-para-margin-right: 21.0pt; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">④ name=OLE_LINK27>斯大林与马克思、恩格斯、列宁不同,他是一个带有俄罗斯农民意识的马克思主义者。较少接触资产阶级民主思想,对当时欧洲发达的资本主义社会生活,包括政治生活都是陌生的。[/url]<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK27"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 21pt 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: -10.5pt; TEXT-ALIGN: right; mso-char-indent-count: -1.0; mso-para-margin-left: 1.0gd; mso-para-margin-top: 0cm; mso-para-margin-right: 21.0pt; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt" align=right><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">——刘国良《准确把握“斯大林模式”》)<SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 10.5pt; TEXT-INDENT: -10.5pt; mso-char-indent-count: -1.0"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">师: name=OLE_LINK28>由此可见,苏联在二三十年代的发展道路上逐渐形成了高度集中的经济政治体制的这一斯大林模式不是偶然的,可以说这是苏联当时特点的历史条件下的产物。[/url] name=OLE_LINK29>如果我们要总结出这一模式形成的根本原因的话,请问该如何总结?为什么[/url]<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK29">

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 10.5pt; TEXT-INDENT: -10.5pt; mso-char-indent-count: -1.0"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">生: name=OLE_LINK30>这是由苏联当时相对落后的生产力水平所决定的;因为生产力决定生产关系,经济基础决定上层建筑。[/url]<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK30">

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"> name=OLE_LINK2><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(展示板书:斯大林模式形成的历史背景:⑴国际形势;⑵政治形势;⑶经济形势;⑷历史传统与社会环境;⑸思想环境;⑹个人因素(个人性格、个人崇拜、个人专断)[/url]<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK2"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312"><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes">  <SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK2"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 10.5pt; TEXT-INDENT: -10.5pt; mso-char-indent-count: -1.0"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">师:那么, name=OLE_LINK31>斯大林模式的形成经历了怎样的历史过程?请同学们按照时间顺序来重新整理相关历史事件。[/url]<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK31">

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"> name=OLE_LINK3><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(逐次展示板书:[/url]<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK3"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK3"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">斯大林模式形成的历史过程:<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK3"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK3"> name=OLE_LINK32><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">⑴[/url]<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK3"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK32"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">1925<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK3"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK32"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年苏联提出“社会主义工业化方针”,主张优先发展重工业。——生产力<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK3"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK32"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 8.9pt; TEXT-INDENT: -8.9pt; mso-char-indent-count: -.85"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK3"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK32"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">⑵<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK3"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK32"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">1926<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK3"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK32"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年,苏联农业政策由逐步实现农业集体化,转变为“全盘集体化”和“在全盘集体化基础上消灭富农”。——生产关系<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK3"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK32"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK3"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK32"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">⑶<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK3"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK32"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">1928<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK3"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK32"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年,新经济政策终止。<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK3"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK32"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK3"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK32"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">⑷<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK3"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK32"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">1928<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK3"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK32"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年起连续实行三个五年计划,开展工业化建设。<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK3"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK32"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK3"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK32"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">⑸<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK3"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK32"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">30<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK3"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK32"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年代初,苏联各地农村出现集体化浪潮,并出现严重失误。<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK3"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK32"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK3"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK32"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">⑹<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK3"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK32"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">1932<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK3"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK32"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">-<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK3"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK32"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">1937<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK3"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK32"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年,农业集体化完成。<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK3"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK32"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK3"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK32"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">⑺<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK3"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK32"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">1936<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK3"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK32"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年新宪法的颁布标志着斯大林模式的形成。<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK3"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK32"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312"> <SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK3"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312"><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes">  <SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK3"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 10.5pt; TEXT-INDENT: -10.5pt; mso-char-indent-count: -1.0"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">师:那么, name=OLE_LINK33>在苏联工业化建设和农业集体化过程中分别具有什么特点?[/url]请刚才自由组合的小组也分别选择其中一个来进行归纳。

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(展示工业化建设和农业集体化的资料和图片,如斯大林关于优先发展重工业的论述;本课教材上的两张关于工业化和集体农庄的宣传画,指出其中俄文的含义<SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312"><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes">  <SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)<SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">生:(结合教材和教师提供的材料自由回答,教师引导)

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(逐次展示板书:<SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">⑴ name=OLE_LINK34>工业化建设的特点[/url]:优先发展重工业、追求高速度、计划性、指令性……<SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">⑵农业集体化的特点:全盘集体化、机械化、强制性……<SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312"><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes">  <SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 10.5pt; TEXT-INDENT: -10.5pt; mso-char-indent-count: -1.0"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">师: name=OLE_LINK35>苏联的工业化都取得了哪些成就?与同时的欧美经济发展相比较,这些成就说明了什么问题?你家有苏联产的家用电器吗?为什么?[/url]<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK35"><SPAN lang=EN-US>

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 10.5pt; TEXT-INDENT: -10.5pt; mso-char-indent-count: -1.0"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">生: name=OLE_LINK36>⑴成就:通过一五计划苏联由一个农业国变成一个工业—农业国;通过二五计划苏联已经成为一个世界工业强国,工业产值居欧洲第一位和世界第二位,高度集中的计划经济体制确立。[/url]<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK36"> <SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK36"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">⑵说明:<SPAN lang=EN-US>1929-1933<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK36"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年当时欧美正在发生经济危机,这些成就的取得说明了社会主义制度的优越性。<SPAN lang=EN-US><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes">  <SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK36"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">⑶没有。农、轻、重比例严重失调,农业和轻工业发展落后,这是苏联工业化的最大问题之一。

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 10.5pt; TEXT-INDENT: -10.5pt; mso-char-indent-count: -1.0"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">师: name=OLE_LINK38>[/url] name=OLE_LINK37><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK38">教材【学思之窗】[/url]<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK37"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK38"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(展示【学思之窗】)<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK37"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK38"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">农民大量屠杀牲畜的行为为什么会出现? name=OLE_LINK39>和我国开展哪一项运动非常类似?[/url]<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK39">

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 10.5pt; TEXT-INDENT: -10.5pt; mso-char-indent-count: -1.0"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">生: name=OLE_LINK40>在农业集体化过程中,一些地方把农民的住房、小牲畜等强行收归农庄所有,这类过火行为引起了农民的强烈不满和抵制,不少农民大量屠宰牲畜,并要求退出集体农庄。与人民公社化非常类似。[/url]<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK40">

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 10.5pt; TEXT-INDENT: -10.5pt; mso-char-indent-count: -1.0"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">师: name=OLE_LINK41>请同学们浏览教材[/url]<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK41"><SPAN lang=EN-US>119<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK41"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">页的【历史纵横】,思考:斯大林发起的工业化建设与农业集体化建设有何关系?你们还知道苏联在<SPAN lang=EN-US>20<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK41"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">世纪<SPAN lang=EN-US>30<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK41"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年代中期政治领域的一件大事吗?这与工业化建设和农业集体化有关吗?

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">生:(自由回答,教师引导)

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(在学生回答的基础上展示:<SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">  

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0"> name=OLE_LINK43>[/url] name=OLE_LINK42><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK43"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">斯大林发动的三大运动(工业化、农业集体化和大清洗),它们是相互配合、相互促进的,彼此有着紧密的内在联系。斯大林坚持高速度优先发展重工业,要求苏联在[/url]<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK42"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK43"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">10<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK42"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK43"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年内跑完资本主义国家<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK42"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK43"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">50<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK42"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK43"><SPAN style="COLOR: #ff3300; FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">-<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK42"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK43"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="COLOR: #ff3300; mso-fareast-font-family: 楷体_GB2312">100<SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK42"><SPAN style="mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK43">

0

主题

1

帖子

6

积分

小吏

     :

     :

     :

Rank: 1

发表于 2018-1-1 08:52:17 来自手机 | 显示全部楼层
怎么是一大堆英文?
您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 注册 新浪微博登陆

本版积分规则

快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表